Choose a title for the map's legend and a label for each color group. By clicking on them, you may change the color of all the nations in a group. Drag the legend to reposition or resize it on the map. Customize the legend's color, typeface, and other attributes with the legend settings.
Start by choosing a color scheme for your map. The colors should be consistent throughout. For this example, we will use red for American countries, blue for European countries, and white for other countries. Also, since we are coloring a world map, it makes sense to give some thought as to how we will distinguish each country. Here are some ideas: Use different shades of the same color to indicate different levels of autonomy (e.g., red, orange, yellow, green, blue). Give some thought about what name will go with each color - is it obvious what most colors mean? You might want to refer to another map to help you out here. Coloring continents and regions can be difficult because there aren't that many ways to color them without looking messy. Try thinking about how people will understand their relationship to the map when reading its labels. Are they islands, part of a country, the whole thing? Will they be able to tell which countries are which? If you're feeling creative, you could try writing short sentences describing each region - maybe include some relevant statistics- or even draw some simple maps to help readers understand the relationships between them.
Colors can cover bigger portions of a map, such as green for wooded terrain and blue for waterways. A Map Legend is a reference to all of the symbols on a map. It functions similarly to a dictionary, allowing you to comprehend the meaning of what the map symbolizes. For example, if there were a legend on a map showing all the different symbols used to indicate roads, that would help understand why some areas are marked with red paint while others are not.
Maps also use colors to indicate different types of information. Black is used to show land masses (including islands) while white shows water. Gray represents areas that are difficult to distinguish on the ground. Different colors are used to denote countries and territories, major cities, states, recreational areas, military zones, and more.
Shapes are another tool used by cartographers to express information about the features shown on their maps. Landforms are shown by themselves or combined with other features. For example, a mountain range may be drawn as a single shape but it can also be labeled with its corresponding country name. Rivers and lakes are often shown using vector graphics which make them easy to identify on the map. Satellite images are used by some cartographers when they want to represent large bodies of water without going into detail. These images are usually black and white or colorized photographs. Maps sometimes include physical drawings called "shading" to show how light falls on particular areas.
How Do You Color the North American Map? The data that displays when you initially access the page is sample data. To clear the sample data, click the "Clear All" option. Fill in the blanks with your own information next to the nation or city names. In this area, do not modify the city or country names. They are used by Google Maps to find locations on our web site.
Once you have filled out all the fields, press the "OK" button to submit your request. A few minutes later you should receive an email confirmation from Google Maps that your request has been received.
If you want to change the colors of the map, click the "Edit My Map" link in the email confirmation message. Here you can make any changes you like to the color scheme. When you're done making changes, press the "Update Map" button at the top of the screen.
That's it! Now whenever you go to google.com/maps and visit this page, your custom-colored map will be displayed.
Because most early maps did not depict countries, but rather rivers and terrain, colors were chosen to correspond with rivers, woods, and mountains. Hues chosen by the firm that creates the globe are used on political maps and globes that display nations in distinct colors. These include Red for Russia, Blue for Canada, Yellow for Mexico, Green for Argentina, and Orange for Brazil.
There are exceptions though. Some countries are colored gray or white because they are not considered countries by themselves (Djibouti and Somalia). Others are black because they are newly independent states or occupied territories (Ethiopia or South Africa), and still others have no color assigned to them (UN members).
On a practical level, coloring countries makes it easier to identify which countries belong to various organizations or agreements. For example, all of North America and most of Europe are blue, indicating that they are mostly made up of water. The only red countries are those in Asia who remain isolated due to distance or military action (Iran, Iraq, and Afghanistan).
The first world map to show countries was created by Gerardus Mercator in 1569. He assigned colors based on how much rainfall each country received and also included a legend for future mapmakers to follow.
Over time, other colors were added for specific treaties or alliances.