Lichtenstein, Roy Lichtenstein's approach, which frequently featured the use of stencils, intended to imbue his work with the appearance and feel of commercial printing processes. Lichtenstein attempted to make his paintings look machine-made by using primary colors, strong contours, and Benday dots. He also used various types of stenciling.
Lichtenstein studied under Henry Gaultier at New York University from 1951 to 1953, after which he worked as a studio assistant for another year. In 1954, he opened his own studio and began painting in a more abstract style that was influenced by geometric forms, mechanical imagery, and comic books. By 1955, he had become one of the leading artists of the Pop Art movement.
Lichtenstein died of cancer on February 10, 1997. He is best known for his comic book-like images that often feature female nudes.
Lichtenstein did not hand-paint each and every dot. Instead, he employed a variety of stencils with perforated dot designs. He'd brush his paint across the top of the stencil, allowing the colors to fall through in precise circles. In doing so, he elevated commercial images from comic books and advertisements to the level of art.
This is an amazing feat, considering that most commercial photographs are taken in very controlled environments without any idea how they might look as art. Lichtenstein took these photos and turned them into paintings that now hang in museums all over the world.
He used various stencils with different dot patterns for each painting. The number of combinations of dots that could be used was almost endless. There were also several different materials used by Lichtenstein in his work: acrylic paints, enamel paints, oil paints, ink, charcoal, and pencil.
Acrylic paints are water-based pigments that can be thinned with alcohol or water to create glazes or transparent layers. They are usually sold in tubes instead of jars because they tend to go bad if exposed to air. Acrylic paints are easy to wash off of any surface that doesn't absorb water, such as canvas or wood.
Enamel paints are similar to acrylics but use glass instead of plastic as their mixing material. They're also water-based and come in tubes.
He created a disconnected, mass-produced look by outlining main color regions with strong black lines and used a process that mimicked Benday screening (a dot pattern used by engravers). Roy Lichtenstein: Woman with a Flower Hat Roy Lichtenstein, Woman with Flowered Hat, acrylic on canvas, 1963. Images courtesy of Christie's/APL.
The painting is signed "RL" and dated 3/3/63. It was sold for $1.4 million in November 2010 at Christie's New York auction house.
It is estimated to have been produced between $10,000 and $20,000 at its creation in 1963. Lichtenstein made nearly 100 paintings during his career.
Lichtenstein received recognition after his death in 1997 when an exhibition titled "Roy Lichtenstein: A Look Back and Forward" was held at the Whitney Museum of American Art. The show traveled to other major museums across the United States and Canada.
In 2001, another large-scale Lichtenstein painting sold at auction for $4.5 million. That same year, another of his works went for $724,500.
Lichtenstein created more than 1,100 pieces during his career. His work is found in many museum collections worldwide.
You may not know some of these facts about Lichtenstein, but now you do. Thanks for reading.
Lichtenstein meticulously selected colors to mimic the four colors of printer inks. He also made use of Ben Day dots, a technology developed to expand the number of colors available for newspaper printing. Lichtenstein is well-known for using cartoon strips from American comic books, which were popular in the 1950s. These cartoons often featured characters wearing items of pop culture significance such as jeans, sneakers, and jackets with specific brands' logos on them. Lichtenstein used these characters in some of his most famous paintings.
Lichtenstein first came into contact with color when he attended New York University's Art School in the early 1960s. There, he learned about Ben Day dots from a professor who had been hired by the company to develop new dyes.
Ben Day dots were synthesized organic compounds that absorbed certain wavelengths of light and released other wavelengths. They could be mixed to create almost any desired color, something that traditional inks can't do. For example, red and blue dots together produce a green color, so they can be used to make a flag represent America come alive with millions of colors instead of just three: red, white, and blue.
When Lichtenstein graduated from NYU, he went back to Milwaukee where he started his own business making art sculptures. He sold his pieces for much more than they cost to manufacture, which allowed him to buy materials for further experimentation with paint and canvas.
4.1 stars (127 views, 43 votes) Lichtenstein meticulously selected colors to mimic the four colors of printer inks. These included panels that featured characters such as Batman, Superman, and Spider-Man.
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The answer has been given by several critics including Jeffrey M. Hollingsworth in his book Roy Lichtenstein: Dot Comic Books. They say that Lichtenstein used Ben Day dots because they were available during the period when he was creating his dot comics.
Day invented the process called "cyanization" which combines blue and yellow dots to create orange. This is the same color combination as found in most printed media at the time, including newspapers. Thus, it's not surprising that Lichtenstein would choose to represent his work in inkblots by using printers' ink to create visual puzzles that call attention to themselves by means of shape and color contrast.
The dots were placed on canvas using a needle-nose plier mounted on a hand-operated drill.
In addition to providing more color choices, the use of Ben Day dots allowed Lichtenstein to create a nocturnal scene that was otherwise impossible with conventional painting techniques. The dots also helped to break up the image on the canvas creating movement as the eye moves across it.
There is some controversy about whether or not Lichtenstein actually invented the dot pattern, but he did design and sell prints of it as his own invention. The Lichtenstein Museum in Las Vegas has a large collection of his paintings along with documents and objects relating to his life and work.
Benday dots can be seen in several of Roy Lichtenstein's paintings including...
I Stand By You (1997) - This is one of two paintings by Lichtenstein in the museum. It is part of a series called "Conflict in Contemporary Art" which examines different perspectives on conflict in contemporary society from around the world.