Following the Japanese occupation, the Philippine theatre grew into a synthesis of numerous inspirations, including zarzuela, comedia, bodabil, and western classics. By the 1950s, theater had gone out of schools, and the idea of purchasing a ticket to witness a theatrical play had arisen. This was due to the fact that during this time, there were very few films available in the Philippines.
During the Spanish era, theater in the Philippines was dominated by European actors and directors who came to town with their own companies. Following the Japanese occupation, many of these artists stayed behind and started new theaters to offer alternative forms of entertainment such as dance performances, music concerts, and even some B-movies. These events were called kabataan (which means "childhood" in Tagalog), and they became so popular that more people began attending them. The 1960s saw the emergence of television in the Philippines, which caused theater attendance to drop further. But starting in the 1990s, theater has been making a comeback, with more students interested in pursuing acting as a career.
In school, young students are taught how to act out scenes from classic plays. They use video cameras to record themselves reading lines off cue cards and then watching the results on screen later. When they are older, they might want to try out for role in an upcoming production or join a professional company if they love acting enough.
Florentino refined their skills and helped to advance the performing arts in the Philippines.
During the Spanish era, theatrical performances were held by aristocratic patrons in private theatres or palaces. The first public theatre in the Philippines was built in 1780 in Manila under the direction of Italian actor and director Giuseppe Castrato. This is where you can see the beginning of modern theater in the Philippines.
In 1835, another public theatre was built in Manila under the management of an English company. This is where you can see the beginnings of the modern Filipino stage identity. In 1845, another public theatre was built in Santiago, which is today's capital city of the Philippines. This is where you can see the beginnings of cultural institutions like the National Museum and Polytechnic University.
In 1872, Florentino left for London to study at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Upon his return to the Philippines in 1875, he opened more theaters and trained new actors in his techniques. His efforts helped make the Philippines' theatre industry one of the largest in Asia. He also introduced improvised scenes and monologues that are now part of traditional plays.
Theater in the Philippines is as diverse as the cultural traditions and historical influences that have affected it over time. The indigenous theater, mostly Malay in nature, may be observed in rites and mimetic dances, is one of the dramatic forms that developed and continues to flourish among the archipelago's many peoples. European theater has also had an influence on Philippine theater; Spanish actors came to the country with their theatrical companies and continued to work after Spain ceded control of the islands to America. Today, many artists from around the world come to perform in the Philippines because of its rich culture and history of dance and drama.
There are three main types of theaters in the Philippines: national, regional, and local. National theaters are dominated by commercial interests and use current trends in music and design to draw audiences. These theaters usually have large budgets and professional directors and actors. There are several such theaters in Manila alone. Regional theaters are owned by religious organizations or other cultural institutions and often focus on creating new works or promoting established artists from within the region. Local theaters are usually found in small towns across the country and are usually controlled by a single actor or group of actors. They use whatever means available (dance, mime, song, speech) to tell a story.
Filipinos love theater and festivals are held annually celebrating various aspects of the art form. Common themes include death, love, and heroism.
In conclusion, Filipino theater is diverse and widespread.
The Philippine Theatre Filipino theater is the collection of mimetic performances made and performed throughout history on occasions and for purposes dictated by societal purpose and need. The term is generally applied to dramatic productions that use mime, action painting, acrobatics, music, or all combined in one performance.
It is difficult to say when the first theatre was built in the Philippines but historical records show that Chinese actors came to the Philippines as early as 1555 when Spanish explorer Diego de Almagro brought with him a company of performers who gave concerts and plays for the entertainment of the crew on his ship. In 1763, during the reign of King Carlos III of Spain, construction began on what is considered today as the first true theatre in the Philippines, the Teatro del Príncipe (Prince's Theater) in Manila. It was completed the following year by Spanish architect Fernando Gancedo and had a capacity for 1,500 people. The opening night performance was given by an Italian troupe that had come to the Philippines as part of a military convoy.
After the Spanish-American War in 1898, the United States took control of the Philippines. American theaters were used to stage plays and musicals that entertained soldiers stationed in the country.