In his painting, he bridged the gap between realism and impressionism, incorporating certain compositional aspects from the former while setting the path for a more modern approach to painting and subject matter. He also greatly innovated the technique of oil painting.
Paul Cézanne is considered the father of modern art. His work changed the way people viewed art, photography, and nature all at once. He is also regarded as one of the first modern artists because of his interest in natural forms and his focus on the relationship between objects and the environment around them. His work pre-dating that of Vincent van Gogh by about 15 years is remarkable given that they both lived in the same small town in France.
Cézanne's style changed over time but can be divided into three main periods: classical, analytical, and modern.
During the classical period, which lasted from around 1858 to 1872, he painted en plein air (outdoor) subjects in the French countryside. Using a broad brush and thick layers of paint, he created scenes that many critics consider to be among the most beautiful in art history. These paintings are characterized by warm colors and smooth textures achieved through multiple layers of paint.
The second phase began around 1875 and continued until 1890.
One of the most influential art movements of the contemporary age is realism. This new and prosaic vernacular of realism painting, perhaps the first major trend of contemporary art, led straight to Monet's Impressionism and, later, to the de-coupling of painting from nature. Realism was an attempt to reproduce exact copies or portraits of objects in reality rather than ideas or feelings.
Impressionism started in France around 1855 with the work of Claude Monet. Instead of trying to copy objects exactly as he saw them, Monet painted what he felt in a particular moment. The light falling on the water lilies in his garden was very different from the light falling on the same flowers a few days later. In fact, there were times when there was no sun at all! So, how did Monet paint these images without sunlight? He used any available light, such as indoor lamps, to illuminate his paintings during evening sessions.
Monet's contemporaries, Pierre-Auguste Renoir and Alfred Sisley, also adopted this new style of painting. But they were not interested in copying objects accurately; instead, they wanted to express their feelings about things. For example, Renoir painted many pictures of dancers in a single session to capture their movement for ever after. Sisley liked to spend hours looking at clouds in the sky, making sketches of them.
In this painting, how does he reject both realism and impressionism? In this painting, he defies realism and impressionism by not integrating the image with a horizon perspective, light and shade, and a naturalistic use of color. Instead, he abstracted the scene and turned it into a pattern. He did this by using strong vertical and horizontal lines to divide the picture plane into squares. These squares are then divided up into even smaller squares called tesseracts.
Clement Vallaerts was born on May 11, 1858 in Antwerp, Belgium. He was one of the leading painters of the Belgian Renaissance school. His work is included in many museums around the world including the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City.
Clement Vallaerts died on August 9, 1940 in Brussels, Belgium.