The majority of Chinese contemporary art tales begin with the conclusion of the Cultural Revolution. At the outset of the twentieth century, under constant military, economic, and cultural challenges from the West, Chinese intellectuals and artists began to look to the contemporary world for assistance in reviving their dwindling culture. The coming of modern industry to China and the disruption it caused in traditional society provided many Chinese artists with ideas about how to express the complexities of life in the modern world.
Contemporary Chinese art can be divided into four main categories: Chinese-language art, Chinese art outside of China, foreign-language art about China, and Chinese art inspired by foreigners.
Chinese-language art is defined as art created in China by Chinese artists in Chinese. It includes paintings, calligraphy, sculpture, and decorative arts. This type of art dates back at least 2,000 years. During this time, there were no barriers to prevent Chinese artists from traveling abroad, so they could have access to new styles and techniques. Chinese-language art has had a huge influence on the development of painting in Europe and America. In fact, some scholars believe that Chinese art was the origin of many masterpieces now held in European museums.
Chinese art outside of China is defined as art produced in countries other than China. Most often, this type of work is derived from Western artistic influences and technology. However, not all Chinese art outside of China is directly influenced by foreigners.
Chinese art is visual art that originated or is practiced in China or by Chinese artists, whether ancient or modern. Chinese art in the Republic of China (Taiwan) as well as that of abroad Chinese can be deemed Chinese art if it is based on or relies on Chinese heritage and culture. Examples include calligraphy, painting, and sculpture.
Chinese art is known for its variety, quality, and age-old tradition. It has been praised for its beauty by historians and intellectuals all over the world. The development of Chinese art is closely related to that of Chinese civilization. Art forms such as porcelain painting, bamboo weaving, and silk embroidery were invented in China and have become worldwide popular.
Traditional Chinese art is art that developed before 1950. It includes ancient art like ceramics, bronzes, paintings, and sculptures and also includes folk arts like bamboo weaving, shadow puppet theater, and acrobatics. Modern Chinese art is art that developed after 1950. It includes new art forms such as ping pong and computer games and also includes an evolution of traditional styles such as taichi, chinese calligraphy, and ink painting.
An important aspect of Chinese art is its relationship with other disciplines such as philosophy, literature, music, and science. Many great artists have been famous for their contributions to these other fields too.
While Chinese art was more interested in finding an eternal expression in a scene, it was influenced by Taoism and Buddhism. Western art tended to be more influenced by Christian philosophy and sought to accurately represent scenes and landscapes as a mirror of God's nature.
Chinese painting evolved over a long period of time, beginning in the Stone Age and ending only in the 20th century. It was not until about 500 AD that Chinese artists began to show interest in using colors other than black and white. The first colored drawings used ink on paper but soon they were applied to bamboo or silk.
In contrast, Renaissance artists in Europe started to use oil paints which are much more durable than watercolors. They also learned how to mix colors mechanically which gave birth to modern painting techniques such as trompe l'oeil (fool the eye) and chiaroscuro (light and shade).
During the Industrial Revolution, many new materials were developed which changed the way artists worked. For example, acrylics allow for easy painting outside when the weather does not permit you to go inside. Oil paintings require more labor-intensive work so they are not good for taking outdoor pictures.
Since China has no history of painting, most people think that Chinese art is all about calligraphy.
1 According to the Chinese perspective on art, it strives to capture the essence of inner life and soul. 2 In Europe, the goal of art is to produce an illusionistic similarity.
These are just some of the many differences between Chinese and European painting. Both cultures have their own unique qualities that have influenced modern art worldwide.
In conclusion, one can say that while China has its ancient culture that holds many treasures in terms of art, Europe is a more recent development with a lot of innovation over the years.