A reference list in the Chicago author-date style must be included in your content. It appears at the conclusion of your article and contains complete information about each source you mentioned. To reference sources in notes and bibliography format, utilize Chicago style footnotes; a bibliography is optional but encouraged.
Your reference list should include the following information:
Author's name(s). Date(s) for publications that have more than one author. Title of publication.
For articles that have multiple publications, include the date published for each version. Use dashes between dates unless they are the only thing between two words, in which case put them on their own line.
If you're including references from books instead, include the title of the book, its author(s), page numbers, and date of publication.
Citations should include the author's last name, year published, title of journal or magazine, volume number if applicable, page numbers on which the citation can be found, and institution where it's stored.
You don't need to include book series in citations because most databases will identify them based on the specific book you're referencing. However, if the editor doesn't recognize it, they may ask you to provide more details about the series.
There are two components to referencing: citations inside your paper's text and a reference list at the conclusion. Because the Chicago style is a "author-date" style, the citation in the text consists of the author(s) name and year of publication enclosed in round brackets. The reference list contains the same information as the bibliography, except that it lists only articles, books, or chapters published in peer-reviewed journals. For example, if you were writing on the topic of urban planning, you could say that Nelson (1997) studied cities around the world and found that they all share certain characteristics.
Citations in the text should be included in footnotes or endnotes within parentheses immediately following the where they are referred to. If your editor requires a separate footnote for each reference, include the number after the word "see" or "see also." In general, avoid using long sentences when referring to references; instead, use brief phrases like "See Smith for further details."
At the conclusion of your paper, you should create a bibliography or reference list. This list should contain every article, book, chapter, or other piece of literature that has informed your study or analysis. Use this list to refer to specific sources of information when writing your own work or discussing topics with others.
If you don't include one, make a complete note of the initial citation of each source.
Chicago uses a modified form of Harvard referencing. While Harvard's method is more formal, Chicago's is easier to follow and allows for more flexibility in writing styles. The basics of Chicago style referencing are to give the title of the book, journal, or article along with the date of publication followed by the abbreviation p. This should be placed in parentheses at the end of your sentence. Example: "Smith, Peter (1995). High school physics." You can also list multiple sources by separating them with commas: "Jones, John, Smith, Peter, and Brown, Susan (2012). Social studies reform initiatives in U.S. schools."
It is recommended but not required that you include a bibliography at the end of your paper. In case anyone is wondering why this is so, it is because academic papers are usually written as reports on previous work. As such, they often refer back to other books, journals, and articles for additional information or evidence. Having a bibliography makes these references clear and easy to find.
The easiest way to create a bibliography is through an online generator.
In general, Chicago citations must include: