The shallow arch bottom is the most frequent canoe shape. Most birch bark, wood, and canvas canoes had shallow arched bottoms in the past. The shallow arch bottom is less sturdy than a flat bottom canoe but more stable than a round bottom canoe. Shallow arched canoes are favored for small rivers or lakes where you do not want to worry about running aground.
Canoe manufacturers no longer make shallow arched canoes because it is too difficult to produce a consistent quality with such a simple design. A new type of canoe has come onto the market called a flat-bottom canoe. These canoes are just like the name suggests -- they all have a flat floor. Some people prefer this style of canoe because they think it looks nicer. Others like them because they believe it is safer - there are no sharp edges that could cause injury if you hit something.
There are several different ways that caneflats can be made. The most common method is to start with a round log and cut straight down into it with a saw. Then the flat side of the log will need to be sanded to get rid of any rough edges. Finally, the top edge needs to be smoothed over so that it is even with the rest of the boat. More elaborate models may have two or three layers of wood veneer applied to the inside of the hull.
A shallow arch hull canoe is broadest just above the waterline. It lacks the rock solid sensation of a flat hull since it oscillates somewhat. When the canoe is loaded, the weight forces the broadest area of the hull into the water, making it more stable. The amount of rocker is called the "cut" of the boat.
Shallow canoes are most commonly found in South America where they are essential for river travel during the rainy season when the rivers become too dangerous for flat-bottomed boats. A shallow canoe needs to be light enough to be paddled by one person and large enough to hold several people. Sometimes small trees are used for ribs instead of frames.
In Africa, shallow dugout canoes are used for fishing and transportation on many rivers. They are usually made from wood but sometimes metal or clay are used instead. The African bushmen also make shallow bowls out of calabashes for cooking and drinking water.
In Asia, shallow-hulled boats have been used for thousands of years for transportation and trade. Even today, you will find fishermen using these ancient techniques to catch fish in some Asian rivers. In India, boat building is an ancient art with many different types of boats being built for various purposes. The most common type of Indian boat is the kayak, which is used for recreational purposes as well as for transportation on inland waters.
In general, there are three types of native canoes: dugout boats, bark canoes, and plank canoes. Dugout boats are constructed from hollowed-out timber logs. Some Indian dugout canoes were quite basic, especially in South America, where logs were only little modified from their natural shape. Bark canoes were usually made from trees such as maple or cottonwood. The wood is peeled away from the trunk until only the inner layer remains. This gives the boat its curved shape. The third type of canoe is called a plank canoe because it is usually made from strips of wood joined together with fish glue or resin.
Canoes were important tools for Indians to travel across rivers, lakes, and oceans. They used the canoes for hunting, fishing, war, and celebration. Sometimes two canoes would be tied together to make a double canoe. This was useful for transporting large numbers of people or goods over long distances.
There are many stories about famous canoeists who have been included in history books. For example, Paul Bunyan was a famous American lumberjack and axe murderer who lived in a giant blue wooden ox named Babe. He was said to have built more than 300 bridges, but most historians believe this number is too high for such a small community. Another example is Chief Canandaigua, who led his people out of New York City when it was attacked by British soldiers in 1777.