Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were the first to employ collage to create new art. The term "collage" was derived from the French word "coller," which meaning "to glue" or "to stick." Collage transformed modern art. Before its advent, artists relied on drawings, paintings, and sculptures to express themselves. With collage, they were able to combine pieces of various materials (including photographs) into one work of art.
Collage is the art of assembling pieces of different materials (such as newspaper articles, photos, and fabric scraps) into a single piece of work for artistic purposes. A collage can be created without using any actual glue if the different elements are stuck down firmly enough that they won't come off when pressed against each other. Otherwise, they would need to be welded together with resin, paint, or another substance.
The earliest known use of collage in art is credited to Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in 1908. They used pieces of cardboard, paper, and string to create portraits that were then painted over. This technique proved very useful for showing movement in paintings and allowing the artists to experiment with different shapes and colors. By the late 1920s, collage had become popular again after being abandoned during World War I. Many famous artists used it including Joan Miró, Alexander Calder, Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, and Jackson Pollock.
Collage is frequently seen as a prototypically modern creative technique. The term "coller" (from the French verb coller, meaning "to stick") was initially used to characterize Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque's Cubist inventions in 1912, when they began sticking newspaper scraps and other objects onto their paintings. Later, in the 1950s, photographer Lee Friedlander popularized the concept of photographing several images side by side without any physical connection between them. The resulting picture is called a "collage."
Before this time, artists had used actual pieces of paper as supports for their work; however, they were usually single drawings or photographs and not multiple images side by side. Collages are now an important part of many artists' practices and have been since their introduction into the art world in the early 20th century.
Picasso is generally regarded as the father of the collage technique. In fact, he used this method extensively in his early career and continued to do so well after he developed other painting techniques that proved more successful artist-wise. He first came up with the idea while working as a copyist for a Madrid newspaper office in 1912. There, copies of various magazines would be delivered to him daily, some of which would contain interesting illustrations that could help him with his own work. This is how he came up with the concept of using different parts from different sources to make one complete image, which later turned out to be a major contribution to modern art.
He is most known for co-inventing Cubism with Georges Braque, but he also pioneered collage and made significant contributions to Symbolism and Surrealism. He viewed himself as primarily a painter, although his sculpture was highly important, and he also experimented with printing and ceramics.
Picasso turned 20 in 1901, when he joined an artists' group that traveled around Spain painting churches, museums, and other public buildings. The most influential member of this group was Goya, the Spanish artist who painted many scenes from war.
In 1904, after traveling through France and Switzerland, the group returned to Barcelona where they established their own studio. This experience must have greatly influenced Picasso, because it can be said that he invented the modern art world system during these years. In 1905, he had his first show in Barcelona and sold all of his paintings.
The next year, he moved to Paris where he lived until his death in 1973. Here he met many famous artists of the time, such as Matisse, Diaghilev, Joyce, and Steinway, and became friends with them. Also in 1907, he married Olga Koklova - a Russian ballet dancer they had met in Barcelona. The couple had two children: Paulo, born in 1908, and Elena, born in 1910.
During World War I, Picasso served in the military police.
Picasso co-developed cubism with Georges Braque, pioneered the collage method, and painted the twentieth century's most imposing work, "Guernica," so it's difficult to conceive of any contemporary artist who didn't draw influences from Picasso at some time in their career. The fact that many consider him to be not only one of the greatest painters but also one of the greatest artists of all time is evidence of his influence.
Despite being born into a wealthy family, he suffered numerous setbacks early in his career, including failing eyesight, a failed business venture, and a suicide attempt, which left him hospitalized for more than a year. However, these issues only made him stronger and led him to find new ways to express himself. He traveled extensively, met many great artists, and collected many pieces of art, which helped him grow as an artist and give credibility to his work. By the time he died in 1973 at age 73, he had painted more than 710 works.
Picasso left an incredible legacy: not only did he change the way we look at art, but he also influenced popular culture in amazing ways. Movies have used his ideas on movement, design, and color to create their own unique styles. Music has also been inspired by him; musicians such as Van Morrison, David Bowie, and Prince have all cited him as an influence.